In 1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels proclaimed Communist Manifesto. Essentially they said that the capitalistic system is grossly unfair and based on the exploitation of the working class. As we well know, this seemingly insignificant event initiated a movement that only 23 years later was instrumental to the emergence of the short-lasting and mercilessly suppressed Paris Commune. But it did not end there: in 1917, exploded Bolshevik’s revolution in Russia and 1959 Mao’s revolution in China theoretically based on Marx and Engel’s ideas.
As we well know, after a while, both systems collapsed and became replaced by dictatorial capitalism with the autocracy and oligarchy in the background.
There are a lot of theories why they were unsuccessful, and many of them make sense. Particularly those who attribute it to the toxic, horrific personalities of Stalin and Mao combined with centralized primitive governmental bureaucracy. However, none of these theories points to the fact that a somewhat idealistic ideology of Communism could not be successfully implemented without a profound change of individual and social consciousness. The attempts of brainwashing via official propaganda of both regimes obviously had not worked.
The key reason why Communism could not be successful lies in the naivete of its creators, who believed that it is sufficient to eliminate capitalism to create a new society. However, the roots of the problem are much older and reach much deeper to the era around 7,000 -5,000 ago when the egalitarian social structure was brutally replaced by the stratified one (further details are being discussed in more detail in another feuilleton of this series called “What happened to our human wisdom?”).
Since the time when Marx and Engels proclaimed their Communist Manifesto, humanity experienced enormous changes. Now, the problems go beyond the unfairness and greed of capitalism and decaying democracy. Now, the stakes are much higher – we are talking about the survival of humanity and the majority of higher forms of life on our planet.
But it is not only climate change and pollution. The abusive regimes, corruption, growing aggressiveness, egocentrism and ignorance of so-called world leaders, terrorism, consumerism and others definitely are much worse or have not even existed during the times Marx and Engels.
I am aware that most of you know about it, but many of us hold some hope that somehow the catastrophe is preventable. They believe that progressive legislation, endless international meetings, protests and so on will do it. Sorry friends, you deeply delude yourself.
The reality speaks loud and clear, and trying not to hear about it and cuddle yourself in a lovely home and holiday in Thailand will not help. Older of us (like myself) will not be witnessing it, but the younger you are, the more chances you have to see the “end of the world as we know it.”
But definitely, as yet, not all is lost. If humanity rediscovers its own innate wisdom, there is no doubt that it collectively find a way out. We must not underestimate the power of this wisdom, which was instrumental for our ancestors to survive potential extinction during the horrors of the Last Glacier, so it may work now.
And this is the reason why I decided to write the series of feuilletons called wisdom Living in which is proposed a path leading to recover our greatest treasure, the Human Wisdom. The rest would be up to you.